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速生樱花大苗嫁接培育接穗选用什么品种好

速生樱花大苗嫁接培育接穗选用什么品种好

青茎樱、草樱、樱桃、山樱等均可 用播种或扦插繁殖,它们都可以作为 砧木嫁 接樱花,各有优缺点,应合理 加以利用。例如,草樱的优点是毛根 发达,适应 性强,与多数速生樱花大苗品种嫁 接亲和力强,嫁接苗长势健旺,对根 癌病有一定的抗 性; 其缺点是根系分布 较浅,遇强风易倒伏。青茎樱砧木的 优点是与速生樱花 大苗的嫁接亲和力强,嫁接苗 生长良好; 其缺点是根系浅,不耐旱, 遇大风易 倒伏; 易患根癌病,严重时造成大量死树。樱花品种十分丰富,如‘染井吉野’ 、 ‘阳光’、‘飞寒樱’、‘关山’、‘御衣黄’、‘郁 金’等都是速生樱花 大苗的优良品种,均可以作为接 穗。可以在这些品种树上选取生长健壮的1 年生 枝条作为接穗。

速生樱花大苗栽植地点必须进行土壤改良

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Cherry seedlings of fast-growing selection of what varieties grafted scion cultivate good

Green cherry stems, grass cherry, cherry, mountain cherry seed or cuttings etc are available, they can be used as rootstock cherry, advantages and disadvantages, should reasonably be used. For example, the advantages of grass cherry hair roots developed, adaptability, and the majority of fast-growing varieties of cherry seedlings grafted affinity, grafted seedlings growing healthy and vigorous, the root of cancer have a certain resistance; drawback is shallower root distribution, strong winds Yi lodging. Green stems cherry rootstock advantage is with fast-growing cherry seedlings grafted affinity, grafted seedlings grew well; drawback is shallow roots, not drought, windy easy to lodging; susceptible crown gall, caused by a large number of dead trees serious. Cherry variety is very rich, such as 'Yoshino', 'Sunshine', 'Fly cold cherry', 'off mountain', 'Yu Yi Huang', 'turmeric' etc are fast-growing cherry seedlings of improved varieties, both can be used as scion. You can select a robust growth of these species tree one year old branches as scion.

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